President and Founder, Metroscopia
Toharia holds a doctorate in law from Complutense University and a doctorate in sociology from Yale University, with a thesis directed by Juan J. Linz. He was a professor of sociology at the Faculty of Economics and Business Studies at the Autonomous University of Madrid until 2009, as well as a member of the Cuadernos para el Diálogo founding team in 1963. He was a technical consultant for both the United Nations, for electoral and socio-legal matters (from 1993 to 2006), and the World Bank, regarding issues of public opinion on the justice system and justice reform (from 2002 to 2003). In 2002, Toharia was also a technical consultant for the Asia Foundation and the Asian Development Bank on topics related to public opinion and judicial reform. Additionally, Toharia writes opinion pieces for El País and regularly gives lectures and leads courses in multiple languages on topics related to public opinion, pre-electoral surveys and the administration of justice. Toharia has also developed several publications in the field of demographic and socio-legal studies. Spain.